The book on Macedonian symbols by our member and president of the Macedonian Heraldic Society, Jovan Jonovski, was issued in English in USA by the Flag Heritage Foundation (FHF). It is an adaptation of his doctoral dissertation defended at the University of SS Cyril and Methodius in Skopje in 2018 and published in Macedonian in Skopje 2019.
The English edition of the book was prepared by our well-known friend Edward B. Kaye, secretary of the North American Vexillological Assocation / Association nord-américaine de vexillologie (NAVA), who also edited several English publications of our Association and who is editing English texts for numerous issues of our journal “Grb i zastava”.
The monograph in English was published as the eight volume in the edition The Flag Heritage Foundation Monograph and Translation Series), edited by David F. Phillips since 2009 when it was established. The series aims to publish monographs on flags and related subjects, and to translate and publish in English works previously appearing in languages inaccessible to many scholars.
The English edition of this thesis brings on its 70 pages a dicuission of origins of the sun and the lion as Macedonian symbols from medieval heraldic sources and revolutionary liberation movements flags of the 19th century. It discusses use of these symbols in contemporary coats of arms and flag in the 20th and 21st century in Macedonia and among Macedonian diaspora. FInally, a chapter studies use of lion and sun as political party symbols, in proposals for flag and coat of arms changes and their use as elements in the contemporary Macedonian municipal heraldry and vexillology.
Title: The Sun and Lion as Symbols in Heraldry and Vexillology of Macedonia / The Flag Heritage Foundation Monograph and Translation Series No. 8
Author: Dr. sc. Jovan Jonovski
Editor: Edward B. Kaye
Dimensions: 21.5 cm × 28 cm (8.5″×11″)
Price: 15USD (~100 kn) plus shiping
Note from the Editor 4
1. The Sun and the Lion as Symbols in the Heraldry and Vexillology of Macedonia before 1944 9
1.1. Attributed Arms and Flags of Alexander the Great of Macedon in Medieval Europe 11
1.2. “Land” Arms of Macedonia. 13
1.3. The Flags of the National Movement in 19c. 20
2. The Sun and the Lion in the Heraldry and Vexillology of Macedonia after 1944. 26
2.1. Symbolic representation of the Sun and the Lion in the Coat of Arms, Flag and Anthem of Macedonia in “Yugoslav” context 28
2.2. The Coat of arms and the Flag of Peoples /Socialist Republic of Macedonia 28
2.2.1. Heraldic and graphic analysis 33
2.3. The Intrest and Popularisation of the Lion in the SR Macedonia. 34
2.4. The Sun and the Lion as Symbols in the Macedonian Diaspora. 35
3. Symbolic representation of the Sun and the Lion on the Macedonian Coat of Arms and Flag after 1991 37
3.1. The Sun and the Lion Symbolizing Political Parties. 40
3.2. Choosing state symbols after the independence in 1991. 42
3.3. Proposals with the Sun after 1992. 51
3.4. Proposals with a Lion. 56
3.5. Sun in modern municipal heraldry and vexillology. 59
4. Conclusions 65